Annually, Foreign Private Issuers (“FPIs”) must pass certain Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) requirements to continue to qualify for the eligible FPI status. These reporting requirements are measured as determined by the results at the end of the FPIs most recently completed second fiscal quarter. For FPIs with calendar year-ends, the annual qualification test must be performed using factors present on the last day of June.
FPI Status and Annual Qualification Test
The SEC provides FPIs eased financial reporting requirements, including the following:
- No requirement to use US GAAP as the accounting basis;
- No quarterly reporting requirements;
- No requirements to submit 8Ks for current reports;
- No SOX requirements; and
- Longer filing deadlines.
Companies must test their qualification as an FPI 30 days prior to their initial filing and annually as of the last day of the second quarter. The SEC’s qualification test specifies the following steps within the Securities Act Rule 405 and the Exchange Act Rule 3b-4:
Test 1: Location of incorporation and owners of voting securities – The company is incorporated outside the United States and more than half of its voting securities are owned of record by non-US residents. Companies that meet these requirements automatically qualify as FPIs.
Test 2: Location of executive officers and directors, assets, and business – If the company is incorporated outside the United States, but fails Test 1, it can still qualify as an FPI if all three of the following factors are false:
- The majority of the company’s executive officers or directors are US citizens or residents.
- More than 50% of its assets are located in the United States.
- The company’s business is administered principally in the United States.
If the FPI does not meet the qualifications above, the FPI will be required to follow US domestic SEC requirements starting the first day of the next fiscal year. For example, the change in reporting impacts the FPI’s Form 10-K reporting for the year it failed the FPI qualification test.
Resulting Accounting and Financial Reporting Actions Required
We at Centri can help you think through the accounting and financial reporting-related impact of failing the FPI qualification test with the key actions required during the 3rd and 4th quarters and thereafter. Note the following list is not all-inclusive and you should discuss your specific situation with your accounting, tax, and legal professionals.
Action: Prepare a conversion from IFRS / home country GAAP to US GAAP
- What you need to do: Review your trial balance and any related off-balance sheet activity to understand and document key differences between IFRS / home country GAAP and US GAAP. Differences will need to be documented and journal entries posted to the current year for incorporation in the 10K.
- How we can help: Centri can perform a detailed review of your existing trial balance and current period transactions and prepare a full conversion of your financial statements to US GAAP. We can assist with preparing audit documentation, including detailed journal entries and related financial statement disclosures required.
Action: Assess whether any newly issued US GAAP standards need to be implemented
- What you need to do: As part of your US GAAP conversion, special attention should be made to the new US GAAP standards for leasing and revenue recognition. Larger conversion efforts may be required for these two standards including separate memos and scoping considerations.
- How we can help: Centri can perform a scoping exercise related to the complicated US GAAP standards and assist your team with all implementation efforts required. We can assist with preparing the memos and supporting documentation for your auditors, including detailed journal entries and related financial statement disclosures.
Action: Incorporate new financial reporting deadlines into your financial reporting calendar and overall close process
- What you need to do: Assess the existing timeline for your financial statement close process and incorporate new reporting deadlines. Determine if there are any expediencies or timing concerns when the current close timeline is not able to be completed within the SEC reporting deadlines.
- How we can help: Centri has the expertise to be your financial reporting department and quality control reviewer. We will help you coordinate, draft, and file a wide variety of your recurring SEC forms, including 10-K, 10-Q, 8-Ks.
Action: Assess Sarbanes-Oxley internal control requirements
- What you need to do: US domestic reporting companies are required to assess their internal control environment on a quarterly basis rather than an annual basis for FPIs.
- How we can help: Centri can help implement a sustainable SOX program in accordance with the COSO 2013 internal control framework, including process documentation, risk, and control identification. Our team can provide ongoing support for management’s assessment for ICFR, including training support to establish accountability for control and process owners to ensure companies are able to meet quarterly reporting requirements.
Action: Compare US domestic filer board and committee requirements to your current structure.
- What you need to do: Resolve gaps in board and committee requirements. Hire/restructure as necessary in order to comply with US domestic filer requirements, such as having an independent audit committee board member.
- How we can help: Centri can guide you through the process of vetting and selecting board members and provide valuable resources for a strong corporate governance structure that addresses your needs and risks.
As the SEC reporting requirements for US domestic filers represent a significant change for FPIs, companies should monitor their shareholder base on at least a quarterly basis to avoid any surprises.
About Centri Business Consulting, LLC
Centri Business Consulting provides the highest quality finance and accounting consulting services to its clients by being reliable and responsive to their needs. Centri provides companies with the expertise they need to meet their reporting demands. Centri specializes in financial reporting, internal controls, valuation services, technical accounting research, and CFO advisory services for companies of various sizes and industries. From complex technical accounting transactions to periodic financial reporting, our professionals can offer any organization the specialized expertise and multilayered skill sets to ensure the project is completed timely and accurately.
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